First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ivica Dacic hold a following harangue entitled “Serbian Foreign Policy Priorities” for a attendees of a Diplomatic Academy programme:
“Dear participants of a Diplomatic Academy programme,
After practically reviewing a confidence and domestic hurdles that we are confronting today, and respecting general law, a Republic of Serbia has tangible a following as a pivotal unfamiliar routine priorities: scrupulous quarrel for a refuge of a territorial firmness and sovereignty; delay of a negotiating routine with a European Union tentative full membership; serve growth of good-neighbourly relations; strengthening mercantile holds with vital countries; and troops neutrality. In a doing of a unfamiliar routine goals, a Republic of Serbia is guided by a legitimate inhabitant interests, resorting to tactful activity and discourse as a means of deepening a traditionally good family with accessible countries, while establishing, during a same time, softened peculiarity family with those partners in a general village with that we share positions on certain issues and know differences of opinion. Such a routine of eccentric decision-making that is, we are convinced, picturesque and right, requires a lot of bid to simulate nuanced positions and strike a change among many anomalous interests that are conflicting, some-more mostly than not.
Today, Serbia is on a right track, as a outcome of a unfamiliar routine and a vital choices done over a past years. The remodel trail and European Union membership, on a one hand, and a encouragement of a family with universe policymakers – Russia, China and a United States, on a other, as good as a growth of a family with accessible counties of Africa, Asia and South America, given a essential and inaugural priority in a unfamiliar routine transformation is to safety a territorial firmness and supervision of a country, with Kosovo and Metohija as an constituent partial of Serbia.
Irrespective of a fact that these priorities seem to be jointly repugnant – refuge of Kosovo and Metohija vis-à-vis European Union membership, encouragement of family with a Russian Federation as good as with a United States – indeed they are not, given they are anchored in a Constitution of a Republic of Serbia, and given they are being followed while abiding by a elemental beliefs of general law.
In a tactful efforts to strengthen general law and a beliefs of a United Nations Charter, that is, a beliefs of emperor equivalence and inviolability of territorial integrity, Serbia is actively intent on shared and multilateral levels. It has tighten team-work with accessible countries that have not famous a uneven stipulation of a supposed Republic of Kosovo directed during scheming logic and adopting a corner position towards third countries and general organizations so as to forestall a membership attempts of supposed Kosovo. In rebuttal of a immeasurable lobbying on a partial of some Euro-Atlantic countries in sequence to foster autonomy of supposed Kosovo, Serbia has done a poignant fulfilment in this respect. Last year, Serbia prevented a try of supposed Kosovo to turn a member of UNESCO and Interpol, while it was quite intent in denying a acknowledgment to a World Customs Organization. In this context, we would like to underline that a corner efforts on a general turn by Serbia’s top officials and all a applicable ministries and institutions have resulted in a slowed routine of new recognitions of a unilaterally announced autonomy of Kosovo, as good as a reversal of recognitions, as seen in a cases of Suriname and Guinea Bissau.
At a unchanging quarterly sessions of a UN Security Council clinging to a work of UNMIK, Serbia continued a activities to a outcome of preserving a format and a existent energetic of convening UNSC sessions concerning a UN Secretary-General’s Reports on a work of UNMIK. We are invariably sketch courtesy to a fact that a appearance of UNMIK – in a existent format though downsizing it and change of charge – as a guarantor of standing neutrality of a general appearance in Kosovo and Metohija is undeniably critical for a confidence and confidence-building among a communities in Kosovo and Metohija. On a other hand, we bewail to note that a other side has done no swell in honour of substantiating a Community of Serbian Municipalities, and we wish to advise that a uneven acts of Pristina, quite a efforts directed during formulating “Kosovo Armed Forces”, are unacceptable. Activities continue on a general turn to urge a standing and strengthen a rights of refugees and internally replaced persons (IDPs) from Kosovo and Metohjija, and to work on a full doing of a Regional Housing Programme for refugees.
The purpose of KFOR in Kosovo and Metohija, in suitability with UN Security Council fortitude 1244, is unusually critical not usually from a aspect of Serbia’s interests, though a shred as a whole. Serbia entirely supports a charge of a KFOR Mission, and it is rarely critical that a appearance in Kosovo in Metohija is not downsized. Serbia rarely appreciates NATO’s proceed that decisions on a distance and deployment of KFOR army be done formed on a comment of a confidence situation, though sourroundings beforehand frameworks. KFOR plays a rarely critical purpose in a insurance of a Serbian inhabitants, as good as in honour of Serbian informative and eremite birthright sites in a Province.
Membership of a European Union is one of Serbia’s vital unfamiliar routine priorities. Although we trust that Serbia could make some-more fast swell along a EU path, we support a “regatta principle” formed on a comment of swell done by sold states, rather than all informal states in a “package”. Last year has seen a opening of 6 negotiating chapters out of a sum of 12 that Serbia has non-stop so far, given 8 are during several stages of a negotiations.
On a other hand, Serbia’s joining to Common Foreign and Security Policy has been demonstrated by a appearance in troops and troops assent missions, building capacities for appearance in municipal assent operations, team-work in a quarrel opposite terrorism, including successful team-work with a EU during a interloper and migrant crisis. Serbia has embarked on a examination of a vital papers in a confidence and counterclaim areas, guided by a Global EU Strategy and other vital EU documents.
A special shred in Serbia – EU negotiations is Chapter 35, that determines to a substantial border a march of a whole process. Achievement of swell in a Belgrade – Pristina discourse is set as a condition for surpassing in other areas, that aggravates a routine given of Pristina’s continued deterrent of a doing of a agreements reached.
Developed and successful informal team-work by many informal initiatives is also gainful to Serbia’s EU membership. The Republic of Serbia has taken a constructive mount in honour of a appearance of a Provisional Institutions of Self-Government in Pristina in a work of informal forums, that is a requirement underneath Chapter 35. In correspondence with a agreements reached, Serbia has supposed a appearance of “Kosovo*” (with an asterisk and a famous content of a footnote): in a Regional Cooperation Council (RCC), South East European Cooperation Process (SEECP) and a activities in a Migration, Asylum and Refugee Regional Initiative (MARRI).
I quite wish to singular out a persisting “Berlin Process”. Four summits have been hold so far: in Berlin, Vienna, Paris and Trieste, and 19 meetings convened during a turn of applicable Western Balkans supervision ministries and a European Commission. Within a horizon of a “Berlin Process”, Serbia has worked devotedly to broach on a commitments undertaken within a horizon of a “Connectivity Agenda” – a initial fortitude of a process, directed during construction and growth of infrastructure as a basement for an accelerated informal development, where Serbia has done biggest swell compared to a rest of a region. At a many new Summit in Trieste, Serbia and other Balkan countries commenced their work on strengthening trade, investment and digital connectivity.
Serbia considers a family with NATO by a Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme as a rarely critical area of a unfamiliar and confidence policy. Serbia is posterior a routine of troops neutrality, reflecting a enterprise not to join any troops alliance. However, troops neutrality is not an barrier to a graduation of a partner team-work with NATO. Political discourse has been on a rise, quite following a adoption of Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP). The standards reached by a appearance in a PfP programme valid extremely gainful to Serbia’s successful appearance in UN- and EU-led missions and operations. A explanation of a high turn of team-work with NATO is a fact that, this year, Serbia will be hosting, for a initial time, puncture response exercise. The Republic of Serbia is participating in 4 EU missions, with a sum of 35 Serbian Armed Forces (SAF) personnel, and additional 6 UN missions and operations (Congo, Liberia, Cyprus, Lebanon, Middle East and a Central African Republic). In 2017, roughly 700 SAF crew took partial in assent missions and operations worldwide.
Fight opposite terrorism is a corner task, quite in honour of radical Islamism and a Jihadist phenomenon. Serbia is a member of a Global Coalition opposite ISIS/Daesh. It devotes sold courtesy to a “foreign militant fighters” phenomenon, that is, a purebred mountainous of radicalisation and aroused extremism in Kosovo and Metohija (according to a estimates, some-more than 300 persons from Kosovo and Metohija have participated in ISIS ranks, on a battlefields of Syria and Iraq). Moreover, equally melancholy is a purebred appearance of militant organizations’ cells including Al Qaeda, Mujahideen and a Wahabi movement.
The appetite confidence emanate constitutes one of a pivotal factors in a mercantile growth of states. Energy supply is not usually an mercantile issue, though also a inhabitant confidence issue. Serbia supports Energy Community priorities in a array of projects poignant for a whole shred – “Trans Adriatic Pipeline”, “Adriatic Ionian Pipeline”, construction of interconnectors, construction of liquefied gas terminals, etc., given a activities concerning a “Turk Stream” are also being followed attentively.
One of a inaugural unfamiliar routine priorities of a Republic of Serbia is a refuge of a fortitude in a region, encouragement of good-neighbourliness and serve mercantile recovery, including aloft customary of vital for all people. We have as nonetheless clearly arguable in any and each situation, though exception, Serbia’s firmness to address, by proceed of dialogue, all superb issues with a evident neighbours in a region. This proceed has constructed poignant results, final year.
The revisit of Turkish President Erdogan to Serbia has opened, according to mutual assessment, a new section in a family between a dual countries. During a visit, 15 inter-state agreements were signed, including a stipulation on a investiture of a High-Level Cooperation Council between a dual countries, whose initial event is approaching to assemble in 2018. The family between Serbia and Greece have been lifted to a top level; a Greek President and Prime Minister visited Belgrade and a First Session of a High-Level Cooperation Council with that nation was hold in Thessaloniki.
Political discourse is hold on a top level, both in trilateral and form formats – with Greece, Bulgaria and Romania. It is a expectancy that a power of a discourse in this format will be confirmed in 2018, as well, given a subsequent form assembly is scheduled to take place in Mar 2018, in Bucharest. Last year saw a renovation of a trilateral format during unfamiliar ministers turn with Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina, while we are also resolved to continue a trilateral team-work on a turn of unfamiliar ministers of Serbia, Italy and Albania.
It should be forked out that we recently almost promoted discourse with Albania. In that sense, we would singular out in sold a corner seductiveness in projects Nis-Pristina-Durres highway, Belgrade-Podgorica-Shkoder-Durres railway as good as sourroundings adult of a Regional Youth Cooperation Office and a Western Balkans Fund, etc.
Despite Serbia’s efforts to normalize and foster family in a village and a region, we have to be straightforward and acknowledge that a other side mostly did not retaliate by charity a palm in return. As we know, this was many in justification in a final year during a meetings with Bosniak officials in Bosnia and Herzegovina, officials of Croatia, Macedonia… Still, a nation will not be disheartened by such control of a neighbours to exercise a clearly tangible priorities and it will continue to foster a routine of good-neighbourliness and team-work preventing during a same time any pretentious conditioning and attempts to internationalize issues that tumble exclusively within a cunning of emperor States.
Our seductiveness lies in building best family probable with heading European countries. we would singular out in sold Germany, United Kingdom, Spain, France, Austria and other European countries.
One of a unfamiliar routine priorities is upkeep and graduation of a already good family with a Russian Federation. Based on traditionally good family we have built a vital partnership by signing a Sochi Declaration in May 2013. We say unchanging top turn communication. Russia is one of a heading unfamiliar trade partners to Serbia. In serve to a economy, a dual countries have successful team-work in a fields of energy, culture, scholarship and other areas. Russia entirely supports a territorial firmness of Serbia, both during shared and multilateral level.
On a other hand, we also wish to take a family with a United States one step further. Although a positions per a fortitude of a Kosovo emanate differ, we are committed to a same idea of fortitude in a Western Balkans. In sequence to grasp this goal, Serbia is a arguable and obliged partner. Over a past years, domestic discourse during a top turn has been stepped up, joined with growth of mercantile and troops cooperation.
Recently, a family with China have extremely softened heading to vital partnership and a revisit of a Chinese President to Serbia in 2016. We sell support on issues of pivotal interests to both States and say discourse during all levels. The Republic of Serbia entirely supports a beginning of a Chinese President Xi Jinping “Belt and Road” and actively participates in a team-work resource between China and 16 Central and Eastern European countries. At mercantile level, Chinese companies are heading infrastructure contractors in Serbia improving a connectors both within a nation and a whole region, so formulating enlightened sourroundings for unfamiliar investments. As a result, Serbia is now a nation with a largest series of corner projects in Central and Eastern Europe.
Yugoslav “Third Way” routine and a heading purpose in a Movement of Non-aligned Countries now represents Serbia’s unfamiliar routine item in a quarrel for a refuge of a territorial firmness given many of African, Latin American and Asian countries share a views per a honour of general law. In that sense, Serbia attaches good significance to a growth of extensive team-work with these normal friends, generally in terms of restoring mercantile team-work and attracting investments as those States, including BRICS countries, are a engines of a tellurian economy.
Although not being a standard unfamiliar routine priority, insurance of a rights and interests of a nationals and authorised persons and sustenance of many services and several forms of assistance to them abroad, figure high on a bulletin of a Ministry of Foreign Affairs. For example, in 2017 with a assistance of Spanish and French Governments and inhabitant atmosphere conduit Air Serbia, 14 Serbian nationals stranded in a Caribbean shred in a arise of Hurricane Irma were successfully evacuated. One of a priorities also includes a routine of visa liberalization. Foreign nationals, holders of typical passports from 78 countries can transport to and stay in Serbia though visas while nationals of 116 countries still need visas. Our nationals can transport to 68 countries though visas and still need visas for 126 countries. The Agreement between a Government of a Republic of Serbia and a PR of China on mutual abolishment of visas for holders of typical passports, that entered into force a year ago, is being successfully implemented. In 2017, in a bid to boost traveller visits and attract unfamiliar investments a Serbian Government motionless to annul visas for a nationals of Peru, Iran, India, Indonesia, Guinea Bissau and Suriname.
The purpose of titular consuls should also be mentioned here. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs usually expands a network of titular consuls. So far, a Republic of Serbia has 73 titular consuls abroad. In Sep 2017, we determined a consular post in Spain, headed by an titular consul, with a chair in Zaragoza. In Jan and Feb 2018, we devise to rigourously open a consulate headed by an titular consul in Perth, Australia, Serbian consulate in Martin in a Slovak Republic and Serbian consulate headed by an titular consul in Auckland, New Zealand.
The insurance of a rights and interests of a nationals abroad and growth and graduation of ties with Serbs in a shred and diaspora is a inherent duty. To that end, one of a priorities embody activities directed during auxiliary with a diaspora and a Serbs in a region, with a perspective to compelling mercantile cooperation, affirming Serbian enlightenment and preserving a Serbian denunciation abroad.
As motherland, Serbia has an seductiveness in enabling a nationals of a Republic of Serbia and members of Serb communities abroad to suffer all sold and common rights guaranteed underneath general conventions and shared general agreements. The Republic of Serbia seeks to assistance diaspora and a Serbs in a shred to turn integrated in a States in that they live, temperament in mind that usually a well-integrated village can minister to a graduation of shared relations.
On a other hand, formation runs a risk of finale adult as assimilation. To equivocate that, we are creation all efforts to accommodate a needs of Serb nationals and ex-compatriots abroad and assistance them to safety their inhabitant and informative identity.
In that connection, intensification of shared discourse with a States from a shred also pertains to a graduation of a rights of members of Serb people in a informal States per a use of Serbian and Cyrillic alphabet, nurturing Serbian culture, inhabitant story and freedom-loving traditions, refuge of inhabitant geography, refuge and insurance of Serbian domestic illustration and organisation in a countries they live in.
I wish that we have managed to yield some-more petrify information on some of a vital hurdles and achievements of a unfamiliar routine and appreciate we for your attention.
Article source: http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/about-the-ministry/minister/ministry-speeches/17349-minister-of-foreign-affairs-dacic-held-a-lecture-serbian-foreign-policy-priorities-for-the-attendees-of-the-diplomatic-academy-programme