Statement by First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of a Republic of Serbia, H. E. Mr. Ivica Dacic during a assembly of a UN Security Council clinging to a work of UNMIK.
Distinguished Members of a Security Council,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I would like to appreciate Secretary-General Guterres and his Special Representative Tanin also on this arise for a acquiescence of a Report and a altogether rendezvous in a fulfilment of a charge of a United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), carried out underneath UNSCR 1244 (1999). we also appreciate a President and a Members of a Security Council for noticing a significance of a continued examination and care of this issue.
UNMIK’s participation in Kosovo and Metohija in an undivided operation and an unvaried charge as a guarantor of a station neutrality of a ubiquitous participation is of peerless significance for compelling certainty and fortitude and for building trust between Kosovo and Metohija communities. Strengthening a financial and crew capacities will capacitate a ubiquitous village to consider and address, in a extensive and tolerable way, a problems and hurdles confronting a Serbian and non-Albanian populations any day.
The domestic situation, supportive as it is in Kosovo and Metohija, has a vital impact on building trust and certainty among a communities; UNMIK’s undivided presence, therefore, ensures required certainty and provides guarantees, as good as impetus, to Serbs and non-Albanians to engage in a processes instituted by a Brussels agreements but fear for a destiny of themselves and their families. The fact that today, eighteen years after a attainment of a ubiquitous participation in a Province, 200 000 internally replaced persons (IDP), forced to rush Kosovo and Metohija, continue to live in Serbia outward a Province, is a absolute justification that UNMIK’s operation should not be changed. Sustainable lapse has been achieved usually by 1.9 per cent of them and, we am certain a Secretary-General will agree, is one of a pivotal questions that UNMIK should intensify in a future. But, let me indicate out also on this occasion, a IDP numbers in Kosovo and Metohija given in a Report do not simulate sufficient a bulk of this problem and do not call for courtesy to be accorded it by a Mission.
A series of constructional shortcomings of a institutional and law systems in Kosovo and Metohija are remarkable in a Report; these shortcomings have disastrous consequences for exposed communities, essentially per a insurance of a rights of a Serbs and other non-Albanians in a south of a Province and a rights of a returnees, as good as a routine of settlement among communities. The immaterial series of returnees is due to a disaster to try offenders who induce racial, racial and eremite loathing and intolerance, continual institutional taste of a Serbs and a ethnically encouraged limitation measures, including capricious arrests. Instances of such arrests in a south of a Province, in particular, done on trumped-up charges, attest to ubiquitous earthy and authorised distrust and are directed during origination it probable for usurpers to take possession of skill by bootleg means. The Report of a Secretary-General, therefore, should settle attention, in a apart section, to a defilement of a tellurian rights and freedoms of a returnees to a south of Kosovo and Metohija. UNMIK contingency deposit additional efforts to strengthen all a capacities in sequence to safeguard a required turn of insurance of IDP tellurian rights and freedoms and to emanate best conditions for tolerable returns, including compensation of property, i.e. a pledge of skill rights.
It is celebrated in a Report that ‘[no] swell [was made] with courtesy to doing of a […] statute of a Kosovo Constitutional Court that confirmed’ a tenure by a Visoki Dečani Monestary of a surrounding land. On a UNESCO World Heritage List, a Monastery was founded in a initial half of a fourteenth century by Serbian aristocrat Stefan Dečanski and was foul many times in a past, including by adherents of ISIL. The Report also draws courtesy to some other disputes associated to a skill of a Serbian Orthodox Church. These issues yield plenty justification of a significance of a insurance of Serbian historical, informative and eremite birthright that belongs among a useful birthright of Europe and a world.
The ubiquitous community, too, should make additional efforts to settle in Kosovo and Metohija a multitude in that a sequence of law will be respected, conditions combined for effective, just and convincing hearing of fight criminals and a predestine of a blank persons clarified, and minister so to a routine of settlement among communities. As a authorised horizon to try perpetrators of fight crimes in a Specialist Chambers has now been entirely emplaced, we design that those suspected of a elect of a crimes opposite a Serbs and other non-Albanians in Kosovo and Metohija will be indicted and tried.
Serbia continues to be resolutely committed to a discourse between Belgrade and Priština, facilitated by a European Union. Despite countless doubts, second-guessing and hurdles encountered on a way, Serbia demonstrated good solve to find concede solutions, not always elementary and easy to come by. Such a constructive ensue has been evinced by a implementation, by a side, of a series of obligations insincere in a dialogue, including a new formation of judges and prosecutors in a legal horizon of a Province. Serbia’s joining to elucidate all superb issues peacefully and by discourse is motivated, initial and foremost, by a clever self-assurance that this ensue has no choice and that usually within a status-neutral horizon it is probable to minister to informal peace, certainty and stability, as good as to a region’s swell towards formation in a European family of nations. The obliged ensue has been re-affirmed also by a confidant domestic preference of a member of a Serbian List to enter, after a parliamentary elections, Ramush Haradinaj’s Government. The preference reliable once again a domestic togetherness of a Serbs of Kosovo and Metohija and a check of a constructive routine of insurance of their station and interests. Explaining a decision, a member settled that a conditions underneath that they motionless to attend in a ‘Government of Kosovo’ are really clear: a need to strengthen a interests of a Serbs and a demands, pivotal among their other demands, to settle a Community of Serbian Municipalities, strengthen skill and safeguard IDP returns.
Regrettably, a efforts done by Serbia to find realistic, status-neutral and jointly excusable solutions by concede have not been reciprocated by a other side, quite in honour of implementing a agreements reached so far. Let me indicate out in that tie that, even 4 and a half years after a requirement to settle a Community of Serbian Municipalities was insincere as a pivotal partial of a First Agreement of principles ruling a normalization of relations, no swell has been purebred in a implementation. Surprisingly, no discuss has been done of this fact in a Report. For us, a investiture of a Community is a many critical question, a cornerstone of a insurance of a interests of a Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija.
Distinguished Members of a Security Council,
I take this event to call on a member of a Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) in Priština to denote goodwill and joining to discourse and ensue to settle a Community of Serbian Municipalities but delay, i.e. to exercise a obligations they have insincere and lift out a many critical component of a Brussels Agreement. In this way, a credit of a matter done by Ramush Haradinaj to a outcome that ‘there is no choice to dialogue’ and that it should be ‘directed towards people and not merely a domestic elite’ would be fortified.
The stand-off in a discourse accounted for a presentation of a whole operation of problems in a doing of a agreements. Priština continues to violate a supplies of a Agreement on Official Visits and banned, but a current reason, entrance to Kosovo and Metohija to Serbia’s Minister of Education, Science and Technological Development Mladen Šarčević and Director of a Office for Kosovo and Metohija Marko Đurić. In addition, a problems in a margin of a leisure of transformation and integrated limit government continue to exist: IDP are treated inadequately, i.e. they are requested additional personal information and their passports released by a Coordination Directorate of a Ministry of a Interior of a Republic of Serbia are not famous as they try to enter a Province.
Motivated by a enterprise to find a durability resolution for a doubt of Kosovo and Metohija, President of Serbia Aleksandar Vučić called on a adults of Serbia to embark on inner dialogue, institutionalized in a meantime by a environment adult of a Working Group. A durability resolution is a precondition of Serbia’s progress, as good as of a swell of a whole region. We need a serious, obliged and forward-looking ensue in a family with Priština and are prepared to offer a soluton that will minister to informal stability, domestic team-work and mercantile prosperity. Rather than a means of new divisions, disagreement and conflicts, it will yield an event for an ancestral agreement with a Albanian village in Kosovo and Metohija.
I, therefore, take this event to call on a Members of a Security Council and on Priština’s member to concentration in a corner bid on concrete issues and a query for a durability and tolerable resolution for Kosovo and Metohija rather than on technical aspects, such as a energetic and a format of Security Council meetings. Calls to change a years-long modality of informing a Security Council and all a United Nations Member States about this critical emanate during a time when we are perplexing to find a durable resolution for this problem can usually move about new groups within a Council and lower a differences between Belgrade and Priština. Counter-intuitive, they are not gainful to a origination of a constructive atmosphere for a check of dialogue.
Serbia’s efforts are directed during protecting, in a legitimate way, a inhabitant and State interests and during reporting a management of ubiquitous law, United Nations Charter and UNSCR 1244 (1999), guaranteeing Serbia’s government and territorial integrity. Each and any try to solve any doubt in a family between Belgrade and Priština unilaterally is unsuitable and might negatively impact doing of obligations insincere in a dialogue. In this context, we would like to stress my county’s disapproval, as good as a condemnation of a ubiquitous community, of a efforts to settle ‘Kosovo armed force’; such uneven acts of Priština are diligent with intensity to destabilize a certainty conditions in a segment and bluster a routine of normalization of family between Belgrade and Priština. At a same time, Priština’s efforts to foster a UDI by ensue of requesting for membership in ubiquitous organizations and, by a same token, of politicizing their work are denounced by a vast series of countries, including some of those who have famous a UDI. we take this event to appreciate them for station organisation in a counterclaim of ubiquitous law and sequence and to stress that a usually right thing to do in this ubiquitous context is to daunt Priština to find acknowledgment to ubiquitous organizations and concentration on discourse in goodwill as a usually ensue of elucidate all issues. It is also value mentioning in this tie that new events have shown that States can and do back-track and forgo a UDI of Kosovo. Sao Tome and Principe and Suriname valid that it is probable indeed.
Before we conclude, Mr. President, let me take this event to remember that Serbia has warned for a final 10 years of a risk of uneven acts and drawn courtesy that approval of Kosovo’s UDI might open Pandora’s box of many other separatist and secessionist movements around a world. Regrettably, we have seen this occur of late. Serbia condemns any and any try during dogmatic autonomy unilaterally in a strongest terms and supports unquestionably a element of territorial firmness and government of all States.
In final my statement, we demonstrate special interjection to a States that have not famous a UDI of Kosovo for their scrupulous position and honour for UNSCR 1244 (1999) and a Charter of a United Nations.
Thank you, Mr. President.”